Can Infantile Spasm Be Cured?

What happens if infantile spasms are left untreated?

Infantile spasms is a complex and rare disorder that can have very serious consequences.

It can lead to death in some babies, and cause intellectual disabilities and developmental problems in others.

Even once the seizures are gone, the damaging brain effects can remain..

How many times a day do infantile spasms occur?

There may only be a few spasms in a cluster or there may be many, even more than one hundred. Very occasionally, only one spasm will occur at a time. In between clusters of spasms many hours without spasms can occur. Occasionally more than a day will pass without a cluster of spasms.

Are baby spasms normal?

Expect some of the following: Sudden jerks or twitches of the arms, hands or legs. If they only occur during sleep, they are most likely normal. How Long: last a few seconds, but can recur.

Can infantile spasms go away?

Infantile spasms usually stop by age five, but may be replaced by other seizure types. Many underlying disorders, such as birth injury, metabolic disorders, and genetic disorders can give rise to IS, making it important to identify the underlying cause. In some children, no cause can be found.

Do infantile spasms cause mental retardation?

Infantile spasms (IS), i.e., West syndrome, as an epileptic encephalopathy, represents one of the major causes of acquired mental retardation in early childhood (Roger and Dulac, 1994).

What is the life expectancy of a child with West syndrome?

Furthermore, the treatments used for West syndrome can (rarely) cause death. Due to this, only 5 out of every 100 children diagnosed with West syndrome do not survive beyond the age of five years.

What is the cause of infantile spasms?

Infantile spasms (also called West syndrome) can be caused by brain malformations, infections, brain injury, or abnormal blood vessels in the brain. IS also can happen in babies with certain metabolic and genetic disorders. In rare cases, a baby’s infantile spasms are caused by vitamin B6 deficiency.

What is the best treatment for infantile spasms?

Treatment of infantile spasms has little class I data, but adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), prednisolone and vigabatrin have the best evidence as first-line medications. Other therapies including the ketogenic diet and other anti-epileptics medications may also prove useful in the treatment of infantile spasms.

At what age do infantile spasms start?

Infantile spasms (also known as West syndrome) is a form of epilepsy that occurs in 1 in 2,000 children. It typically begins between 2-12 months of age and peaks between 4-8 months of age.

What do Infantile seizures look like?

For an example of how a focal seizure might look, click here. Infantile spasm: The infant may experience spasms characterized by stiffening of the arms and legs, bending forward, and arching of the back. This rarer form of seizures usually occurs between 4-8 months of birth.

Are infantile spasms serious?

Infantile spasms (IS), also called West Syndrome, is a rare type of epilepsy in children. This syndrome is considered an epileptic encephalopathy or severe brain disorder. Without early treatment, IS can cause problems with your child’s: Cognition.

Can West syndrome be cured?

There is no cure for West syndrome, so unfortunately, the only treatment is to reduce symptoms. West syndrome treatments usually include a course of prednisolone and/or an anti-epileptic medication. In a few individuals, surgery in the brain may help reduce symptoms.

How do I know if I have infantile spasms?

Symptoms of Infantile Spasms (IS)Raise their arms over their head or stick their arms straight out to the side.Stiffen their legs or “tuck them into the belly,” as if having stomach pain.Suddenly bend at the waist.Drop or bob their heads briefly.Roll their eyes back suddenly with subtle head nodding.More items…

Do babies with infantile spasms sleep more?

It is common for babies who have infantile spasms to become irritable and to go off their feeds. Their sleep pattern also changes in that they may sleep more during the day and less during the night.

Do infantile spasms hurt?

Each spasm usually lasts less than 10 seconds. A cluster or severe spasms can last for minutes. After a spasm, the baby may cry or laugh. The spasms do not cause pain, but the baby may cry because the quick jerking movement surprises them.