Quick Answer: What Happens If Infantile Spasms Are Left Untreated?

Are baby spasms normal?

Expect some of the following: Sudden jerks or twitches of the arms, hands or legs.

If they only occur during sleep, they are most likely normal.

How Long: last a few seconds, but can recur..

Do infantile spasms happen while sleeping?

The spasms are brief, often lasting one or two seconds. They tend to occur in clusters where the infant may have several spasms over a few minutes. Spasms often occur when the infant is falling asleep or waking up from sleep. They rarely occur during sleep.

How are infantile spasms diagnosed?

Doctors often confirm the diagnosis of infantile spasms with an electroencephalogram (EEG) test. An EEG shows a specific type of abnormal chaotic brainwave pattern called hypsarrhythmia.

Does West syndrome go away?

West syndrome (also called infantile spasms) should go away by the time your child is 4 years old. But most people who had it will get another kind of epilepsy or seizure condition in childhood or as an adult. About 1 in 5 will have Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, a severe form of epilepsy with multiple types of seizures.

Can infantile spasms go away on its own?

They look very much like a startle. Babies also might have slowed development or loss of skills (like babbling, sitting, or crawling). Although the spasms usually go away by the time a child is 4 years old, many babies with IS will have other kinds of epilepsy later in life.

Do infantile spasms happen every day?

In between clusters of spasms many hours without spasms can occur. Occasionally more than a day will pass without a cluster of spasms. Clusters of spasms often occur after waking from sleep, whatever time of the day. When an infant has a typical spasm, there are several movements.

What are the signs to look for in neurological symptoms in infants?

Neonatal Neurological Disorder SymptomsFussiness.Decreased level of consciousness.Abnormal movements.Feeding difficulty.Changes in body temperature.Rapid changes in head size and tense soft spot.Changes in muscle tone (either high or low)

Why does it feel like my baby is twitching?

Generally, these twitches are perfectly normal. In fact, some researchers now believe that these myoclonic twitches help babies transform their rudimentary movements into coordinated movements. There are two types of sleep twitches: Myoclonic twitches caused by sudden muscle contractions.

How do you tell if a baby is having a seizure?

What are the symptoms of a seizure in a child?Staring.Jerking movements of the arms and legs.Stiffening of the body.Loss of consciousness.Breathing problems or stopping breathing.Loss of bowel or bladder control.Falling suddenly for no apparent reason, especially when associated with loss of consciousness.More items…

Do infantile spasms cause brain damage?

Infantile spasms is a complex and rare disorder that can have very serious consequences. It can lead to death in some babies, and cause intellectual disabilities and developmental problems in others. Even once the seizures are gone, the damaging brain effects can remain.

Do infantile spasms get worse?

The Impact of Delayed Diagnosis The infantile spasms often are accompanied by a chaotic brain wave pattern called hypsarrhythmia. The damage of the spasms and chaotic brain wave is cumulative. Often the spasms stop by the time the child is a toddler, but by then the damage is done.

What age do infantile spasms start?

Infantile spasms (also known as West syndrome) is a form of epilepsy that occurs in 1 in 2,000 children. It typically begins between 2-12 months of age and peaks between 4-8 months of age.

Are infantile spasms an emergency?

Infantile Spasms are a medical emergency. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are critical, but this is challenging because infantile spasms can be mistaken for normal baby movements or other disorders that don’t demand urgency.

Do infantile spasms show up on EEG?

Infantile spasms are a very specific type of seizure with a characteristic age of onset (a typical age when seizures start). They are nearly always accompanied by a very characteristic pattern on the electroencephalogram (EEG). This pattern is called ‘hypsarrhythmia’.

Do babies cry when they have infantile spasms?

They might cry right before or right after they have a seizure. Your baby may also seem to twitch or jerk a muscle. You might hear the doctor call this myoclonus.

Do infantile spasms cause mental retardation?

Infantile spasms (IS), i.e., West syndrome, as an epileptic encephalopathy, represents one of the major causes of acquired mental retardation in early childhood (Roger and Dulac, 1994).

What are the symptoms of infantile spasms?

Symptoms of Infantile Spasms (IS)Raise their arms over their head or stick their arms straight out to the side.Stiffen their legs or “tuck them into the belly,” as if having stomach pain.Suddenly bend at the waist.Drop or bob their heads briefly.Roll their eyes back suddenly with subtle head nodding.More items…

What does Sandifer Syndrome look like?

In a typical attack of Sandifer syndrome, a baby’s back will arch suddenly. With their back flexed, their head and legs also splay out backward. They become stiff. Other expressions of the syndrome include nodding head movements, twisting or tilting of the head, or thrashing limbs.