What Factors Affect The Growth Of Bacteria In General?

What are examples of physical factors?

These factors include both psychological and physical factors.

Physical factors in the natural environment (e.g., air, water quality) are key influences on health..

What are the physical and chemical requirements for microbial growth?

Requirements for microbial growth are divided into two categories, physical and chemical. Physical aspects include temperature, pH, and osmotic pressure. Chemical requirements include water, sources of carbon and nitrogen, minerals, oxygen, and organic growth factors.

What is culture media and types?

Culture medium or growth medium is a liquid or gel designed to support the growth of microorganisms. There are different types of media suitable for growing different types of cells. Here, we will discuss microbiological cultures used for growing microbes, such as bacteria or yeast.

What are the growth factors of microorganisms?

Growth factors. Growth factors are organic compounds such as amino acids , purines , pyrimidines , and vitamins that a cell must have for growth but cannot synthesize itself. Organisms having complex nutritional requirements and needing many growth factors are said to be fastidious .

What are the factors that affect growth?

10 Factors That Influence the Growth and Development of a ChildHeredity. Heredity is the transmission of physical characteristics from parents to children through their genes. … Environment. … Sex. … Exercise and Health. … Hormones. … Nutrition. … Familial Influence. … Geographical Influences.More items…•

What are the six factors that affect the growth of bacteria?

Factor affecting bacterial growthNutrition concentration.Temperature.Gaseous concentration.pH.Ions and salt concentration.Available water.

What are the factors affecting microbial growth in food?

The most important factors that affect microbial growth in foods can be summarized in the following categories: (i) “Intrinsic factors” related to the food itself which include (Nutrient content, water activity, pH value, and the presence of antimicrobial substances); (ii) “Extrinsic factors” related to the environment …

What are 5 chemical requirements for bacteria to grow?

Chemical Requirements include:Carbon – for food or making food. autotroph – make their own food. … Nitrogen – nucleic acids and protein production.Hydrogen – generation of energy.Trace elements – magnesium, manganese, zinc, copper, iron.Energy source – organic chemicals, light, inorganic chemicals.

What are the four phases of bacterial growth?

It has been determined that in a closed system or batch culture (no food added, no wastes removed) bacteria will grow in a predictable pattern, resulting in a growth curve composed of four distinct phases of growth: the lag phase, the exponential or log phase, the stationary phase, and the death or decline phase.

How does pH affect microbial growth?

Microbes, such as bacteria are sensitive to the hydrogen ion concentration they find in their environment. Large proteins, such as enzymes, are affected by pH. Their shape changes (they denature) and the very often brings about an alteration of the ionic charges on the molecule.

What are the physical factors that affect microbial growth?

There are a variety of environmental factors that affect microbial growth. The most important physical factors are pH, temperature, oxygen, pressure, and salinity.

What are the five environmental factors?

They include:Exposure to hazardous substances in the air, water, soil, and food.Natural and technological disasters.Climate change.Occupational hazards.The built environment.

What are 3 factors that influence the growth and survival of microbes?

Water and Dampness Warmth, moisture, pH levels and oxygen levels are the four big physical and chemical factors affecting microbial growth. In most buildings, warmth and moisture are the biggest overall issues present.

How can we prevent microbial growth in food?

Remember the two-hour rule, and put foods away within two hours of eating. If the temperature outside (or inside) is really warm, put foods away within one hour of eating. Oxygen is needed for bacteria to grow, but some, like the botulinum toxin grow best in climates without oxygen.

What are the environmental factors affecting the growth of microorganisms?

So what environmental conditions can affect microbial growth? Temperature, oxygen, pH, water activity, pressure, radiation, lack of nutrients…these are the primary ones.